IELTS Reading lesson 1: TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
In this lesson we'll learn how to answer True/False/Not Given questions on IELTS Reading. This type of question looks like this on the question paper:
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
In boxes on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
- Questions follow the order of the text.
- Questions repeat key words from sentences.
- If question contains information NOT stated in the text, it has "Not Given" answer.
- Read the first passage.
- Look up for answers for the first few questions.
- If you found an answer - read the whole sentence carefully, and only then answer the question.
- When there are no answers left - move on to next paragraph, and repeat this strategy.
If you prefer, you can read the whole text and only after that answer the questions.
- This type of questions needs attention to details. Don't just look for key words - read the whole question and the whole sentence with answer.
- Words like often, always, never, some can completely change the meaning of the question. Be careful!
- The order of questions can help you. Answer for question 4 will be between answers for questions 3 and 5 in the text.
- If you can't find answer for some question, don't spend too much time on it and return to it in the end. Probably, this information is just not given in the text.
Take a look at the following example:
In electronics, even the most advanced computer is just a complex arrangement of simple, modular parts that control specific functions; the same integrated circuit might be found in an iPhone, or in an aircraft. Biologists are creating this same modularity in – wait for it – plants, by designing gene "circuits" that control specific plant characteristics – color, size, resistance to drought, you name it.
The relatively new, interdisciplinary field is synthetic biology – the design of genetic circuits, just like in electronics, that control different functions and can be easily placed in one organism or the next. Most of today's synthetic biologists work with simple microorganisms, like E. coli or yeast.
A CSU team led by June Medford, professor of biology, and Ashok Prasad, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering, is doing the same thing, but in the much more complex biological world of plants.
TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN questions:
The scientists are using a technique from electronics to control specific plant properties.
This is the first question, so answer to it should be somewhere in the first (or second) paragraph. The first sentence of the first paragraph tells us about electronics, and then we have:
Biologists are creating this same modularity in – wait for it – plants, by designing gene "circuits" that control specific plant characteristics – color, size, resistance to drought, you name it.
same modularity = same technique as in electronics
control specific plant characteristics = control specific plant properties
So this statement just summarizes the first paragraph. It is obviously true.
Some synthetic biologists work with genetic circuits of mammals.
The second passage only tells us that
Most of today's synthetic biologists work with simple microorganisms, like E. coli or yeast.But we don't know anything about some biologists. Maybe some biologists work with mammals, maybe not. So the answer is not given.
Most of synthetic biologists work with mammals.
The word some from the previous question was changed to most of, and this completely changed the meaning of the question! Now, this statement is clearly false as it contradicts the text:
Most of today's synthetic biologists work with simple microorganisms, like E. coli or yeast.
This example shows how important is it to read the questions carefully, as one word can drastically change the meaning of the whole question.
Note that the last paragraph was not used at all. This sometimes happens, so don't worry if some of the paragraphs in your text don't contain any answers.